It is “True” to say that water literally and scientifically is composed of some elements (H2O). But this is to miss the reality of what water REALLY is. It is also “True” to say that the definition very much depends on where you look from. Geopolitical changes, rapid development, water- energy- food-environment nexus, securitisation of water, climate change etc. force us to define its actual meaning especially in terms of international relationship. From this approach, the meaning of this word is gaining a wider and deeper definition not a word but a “concept”. Water is a general term to describe the stuff you drink and bathe with, and it, even in the purest and other social, socio-political, economical, socio-economical, international, strategical impurities in what we call “water”. This bulk “water” will play very important role for the future of the world under the of systems, has much else than just hydrogen and oxygen. Therefore there are all sorts of minerals climate change impacts as well as increasing global inequality. This requires more attention to difference between Water term and H2O in terms of international relationship. Society of 21st Century must be aware of the higher degree of social accountability of “water” than before. A higher degree of geopolitical, social, strategical and international accountability of water is therefore need to built into the process, with a wider recognition that water cannot be described on scientific and technological terms alone as H2O. “Water” means more than H2O in this respect since the half of 20th Century. In this paper, I will examine this difference by looking more closely at the social and hydro political notion of water.
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