From the standpoint of Holy Sharia of Islam and the Laws, illegitimate children are children who have been born as a result of prohibited sexual intercourse between non-intimate men and women. Legally speaking, lineage refers to blood, natural, credit based and conventional relationship between two people where such a relationship, in the view of scholars is established between the illegitimate child and his own father. From a custom based point of view, substantiating linage occurs variedly where in the system representing the substantiation of claims; one can refer to convincing the judge’s conscience. It is noteworthy, regarding civil and criminal laws of these people enjoy all laws related with legal and Sharia based rights established except for some limited cases and these instances could be examined in inheritance and guardianship where guardianship and alimony of such a child is vested upon the adulterer and concerning inheritance, there is no heredity exists between the child of adultery and his/her parents.
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