To feed the African’s population from a strong agriculture able to fight food insecurity requires to increase the level of human capital operators (education, training and experience). This study aims to analyze the effects of human capital on the efficiency and productivity of farmers. Using stochastic frontier model and simple Tobit, we examined the impact of human capital on agricultural productivity of 183 operators spread over three communes (Diama and Ronkh Gandon) of Senegal River valley. The results from the estimates show that human capital affects positively and significantly the productivity. These results imply that improving the level of education and experience is likely to increase yields and to make them more efficient.
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