Physical exercise has multidirectional impact on the mechanisms of neuroendocrine responses. The regular and moderate stimulates the immune mechanism, whereas the interval may lead to increased susceptibility to infections. In recent years there has been increased interest in the issues of the impact of exercise on the efficiency of the immune mechanisms. In practice, such knowledge may be used to prevent infections in athletes and possible states of overtraining. Among the signaling molecules involved in the immune response of the body to exercise mentioned markers hormonal balance (testosterone, cortisol, estradiol, hormones, pituitary and hypothalamus), the metabolism of proteins and amino acids (balance nitrogen, glutamine, increase in creatine kinase). Review of the current state of knowledge about the change of levels of markers of hormonal system during exercise and suggestions direction of future research in the area of these issues have been taken in this paper. This is a translation of a part of my authorship the original source in Polish ,,Zarządzanie zmianami poziomu wybranych markerów neuroendokrynnych oraz immunologicznych podczas wysiłku fizycznego”. The text was published in an edition of the Scientific Publishing Sophia in 2015.
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