Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma and cataracts are the most common eye diseases. They are predominantly caused by insufficient amounts of antioxidants in the body, which include lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins and micronutrients. The positive properties of these biologically active substances affect the neutralization of reactive oxygen species, slow absorption of UV radiation, and improve blood supply to the structural elements of the eye. Deficiency of these substances has a negative effect on the functioning of the eye, leading to degeneration of its structures. Presently, a fully effective method of treatment has not been discovered, therefore preventative measures, especially those including a healthy diet and lifestyle, are highly important as the human body cannot synthesize these beneficial substances. This requires increasing public awareness concerning products with high nutritional value, which should be included in people’s daily diet.
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