Death of an important person is one of the main events in the children’s life which children or teenagers may experience. Indeed, children losses his/her parents, sister, or brother have to achieve a method by which he/she be able to avoid its pressure. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of cognitive-behavioral treatment on depression symptoms and adaptability of the students with abnormal grief. The research is a semi-experimental pretest-posttest study with control group. In order to this, a sample of 20 students, who had symptoms of research variables, was selected from statistical population after primary study through convenience sampling method. The sample members were appointed to the control and experimental groups randomly. Data-measurement tools were California individual-social adaptability test and depression test. The reliability and validity of the tests have already been examined and confirmed in past studies. The research data was analyzed in the SPSS through COVARIANCE analysis. The findings of this study revealed that there is a significant difference between performances of experimental and control groups in terms of individual-social adaptability test and depression test after adopting cognitive-behavioral treatments (p ≤ 0.05). Based on the findings of this study, it can be said that cognitive-behavioral treatment can be effective on decreasing depression symptoms and improving adaptability of the students with abnormal grief significantly. It can be said that the use of such a method can be effective on the students’ mental health.
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