Bacteria are one of the prokaryotic microorganisms that are symbiotic with coral reefs. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity of bacterial communities associated with Acropora digitifera corals in the rancabuaya coastline of Garut district, West Java through a metagenomic and cultural approach. Stages of research include tissue isolation using waterpics, isolation of bacterial genomic DNA, sequencing using the NGS (Next Generation Sequencing) method of Hiseq using 16S rRNA V3-V4 region 341F and 806R primers for the metagenomic approach. While the culture approach, carried out inoculation, bacterial cultivation, gram staining, then proceed with the identification of molecular characteristics of DNA with 16S rRNA gene sequences. Dominantly, the results of bacterial identification were obtained as many as 77 species from 10 genera 10 families 10 orders of 10 classes and 4 phylum and unidentified reads of 6%. The results of the identification of 16S rRNA showed that the isolate ACD.P4.PH7.P had a close relationship with the Bacillus flexus strain BF strain zb strain with a similarity of 85.44%. Isolate ACD.P4.PH9.P has a close relationship with Bacillus sp. c234 with a 98.50% similarity. Isolate ACD.P4.PH9.K has an approach with the species Bacillus sp. strain 6RM1 with a similarity of 94.78%.
Support the magazine and subscribe to the content
This is premium stuff. Subscribe to read the entire article.