A smart city is an advanced platform that uses information and communication technologies (ICTs) and other means to advance quality of life, effectiveness of urban process and facilities, and affordability, while confirming that it meets the requirements of current and forthcoming generations with respect to financial, social and environmental aspects.” Cities around the world are under immense pressure to accommodate growing populations and focus on environmental challenges. Constructing a smart city is not happening on the spot, it demands creative governance to lead the developing of the smart city and its architecture platform. The conceptualization of Smart city, differs from one nation to another, varying on many characteristics involving the level of development of the country. This survey paper aims to explore the fundamental principles of designing a smart city by understanding the IoT architecture of the creation of smart cities, research with an analysis is to identify the principles of smart cities with importance on the IoT Architecture.
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