Currently much attention is paid to the use of stem cells in transplantation. The reason for this interest are the characteristic regenerative capabilities of stem cells and their ability to regenerate and differentiate. Stem cells are becoming the basic unit in regenerative medicine and are increasingly used in transplantation. Currently used innovative methods during cell culture are also a field of activity for biotechnology, which deals with the improvement of methods and looks for new applications of stem cells. The work aims to familiarize the properties and applications of stem cells and present selected techniques for their culture for transplantation. Based on the collected data, it can be concluded that new sources of stem cells should be constantly sought. The improve and create new diagnostic tools and culture media, as well as construct systems that would allow stem cells to be cultured with right orientation.
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